Meat demand is predictable, but profitability for primal group cuts, product availability, and production planning changes are volatile.
Dairy products like milk create increased complexity as they flow through the commodity supply chain: each production decision creates multiple additional decisions.
Agricultural industries like grain and vineyards are uniquely vulnerable to changes in climate and fluctuations in demand due to shifting political winds. Low prices, low margins, and stiff competition all contribute to the variability of the grain market.
Black swan events like a pandemic or climate change create additional complexity as logistics routes experience delays, illness creates workforce labor volatility, and the people that power the commodities industry must deal with increased waste due to bottlenecks and variables.